Headaches are one of the most common medical complaints in the world. There are many types of headaches, each requiring a different treatment approach. Here, we will discuss the different types of headaches and how to treat them. We will also provide some helpful tips for preventing headaches.
Primary headaches are clinical conditions that must be diagnosed through examination or imaging studies. A migraine is a primary headache.
A secondary headache is because of another health problem.
The most common types of headaches are:
Tension headaches are a type of headache that is mild to severe and characterized by a constricting band around the head.
Tension-type headaches can be treated with various therapies. Managing a tension-type headache generally helps in achieving a healthy lifestyle. Different medicines are used to treat tension headaches like Antidepressants, triptans, and pain killers as prescribed by the doctor.
Sinus headaches are characterized by a severe throbbing, itching, or pressure in the sinuses (sinusitis). Pressure may be felt around the eyes, cheeks, and forehead. Perhaps your head throbs.
The most common symptoms of sinus headaches may include:
Cluster headaches are one type of headache that can be particularly debilitating. Cluster headaches typically occur in cycles, with periods of pain followed by remission. Cluster headaches are often brought on by specific triggers, such as alcohol or stress.
If you suffer from cluster headaches, it is essential to identify your triggers and avoid them if possible.
Treatment typically involves medication, such as painkillers or triptans. Cluster headache sufferers may also find relief from acupuncture or other alternative therapies.
Migraine and sinusitis head pain are sometimes confused due to the overlapping symptoms between the two types of headaches. When you bend forward, both migraine and sinusitis headache worsens. Nausea, vomiting, facial pressure, congestion, and a watery nasal discharge are signs of a migraine headache. Sinusitis, on the other hand, is not connected with nausea or vomiting. A thick nasal discharge because of a sinus headache shows infection and causes fever.
Migraine headaches are painful types of headaches. Migraines often occur in conjunction with specific triggers, such as weather changes, bright lights, or strong smells.
A migraine is a throbbing headache that can be severe or a pulsating sensation on one side of the head, which is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Auras are a set of sensory, motor, and speech symptoms that appear to act as warning signals that a migraine headache is near to start. The sign may occur before, during, or even after the pain associated with a migraine. Auras last between ten and 60 minutes, on average. Around 15% to 20% of people who have migraines experience aura symptoms.
Auras are reversible, which means they may be terminated or cured.
It’s tough to forecast who will get a migraine and who won’t, but there are several risk factors:
The frequency of migraine might vary from once a year to once a week or any value in between. The most typical occurrence is two to four migraine attacks each month.
A headache is the most common symptom of migraine. Pain is said to be pounding or throbbing. A dull pain may progress into pulsating discomfort, which might be light, moderate, or severe in intensity. Your pain might become mild to severe if it is neglected. The pain can move from one area of the head to the other side, or it can radiate across your whole head.
Some people experience discomfort in their face, sinuses, jaw, or neck due to migraine.
Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:
The length of migraine varies; however, severe ones may last much longer. Each phase of migraine has different symptoms.
Different factors can trigger migraine. Common triggers include:
Kids can suffer from the same types of migraine as adults. Children may be more likely to experience symptoms on both sides of the head until they are older. It’s uncommon for children to have headache pain in the back of their heads. On average, migraine episodes last 1-2 hours 3 days in children.
Many pregnant women find that their migraine episodes improve during pregnancy. However, they may become worse after childbirth due to rapid hormonal changes. During pregnancy, attacks must be treated with particular care to determine the cause of the episode. A recent small study revealed that women with migraines during pregnancy had a higher incidence of having:
It’s essential to avoid specific migraine treatments during pregnancy. Aspirin, for example, is not advised. If you experience a migraine throughout pregnancy, work with your doctor to discover methods to manage your condition without harming the developing baby.
You may attempt a few things at home to help with migraine pain:
Migraines are usually undiagnosed and remain untreated. If you have migraine regularly, keep track of your symptoms. Make an appointment with your doctor to talk about your headaches.
If the pattern changes or your headaches become more severe, seek medical attention even if you have a history of headaches. If you notice any of following signs then seek medical visit :
Keeping a migraine diary is essential for you and your healthcare practitioner during the diagnosis process. Before, during, and after a migraine attack, keep notes on as much detail as possible in your journal.
Keep track of the following:
A migraine headache is a long-term condition. They cannot be cured, but they may be controlled and improved.
Two main treatment strategies of migraine medications are:
If you feel any of the symptoms which might indicate a more significant medical issue, then go to the doctor immediately :