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Alzheimer's Disease

In Alzheimer’s disease, brain cells are destroyed. As a result of this disease, people slowly lose the ability to learn, function, and remember things. This is the leading factor to the development of dementia. Dementia affects mental abilities in a way that interferes with daily living.

Causes of Alzheimer's disease

A cause for Alzheimer’s disease is unknown. It is believed that two factors may be contributing to the onset of Alzheimer’s. They are as follows:

  • Plaques — The abnormal accumulation of a beta-amyloid protein in the brain.
  • Neurofibrillary tangles — The twisted fibres in nerve cells.

Risk Factors of Alzheimer's Disease

  1. The following factors can increase your chances of developing Alzheimer’s disease:
  2. Age: 65 years and older
  3. A history of traumatic brain injury / concussion 
  4. Obesity
  5. Smoking
  6. Down syndrome
  7. Heart disease
  8. Family history of Alzheimer’s 
  9. Presence of a particular protein (APOE-e4)
  10. A high homocysteine level

The following are being studied to determine whether they are related to Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Childhood malnutrition or vitamin deficiency
  • A high level of aluminium, zinc, iron and copper in blood
  • Diabetes
  • Some viral infections
  • Heart disease

Alzheimer's Symptoms

It begins with a mild loss of memory and progresses to a severe loss of function and memory. There are three stages of Alzheimer’s disease:

Symptoms include:

  • Having difficulty remembering things, like:
    • Difficulty in locating familiar places
    • How to solve simple math
    • Family’s and friends’ names
    • The place where ordinary things are usually stored
    • How to perform daily tasks, for example dressing, bathing, cooking etc.
  • Having trouble concentrating on normal tasks
  • The inability to complete sentences because of missing or forgotten words (leading to complete speech impairment)
  • Memory problems, both short-term and long-term
  • Having difficulty making decisions, solving problems, and making judgments
  • An inability to produce or understand language
  • An inability to judge shapes, sizes, and relationships between objects in space (loss of spatial abilities).
  • A change in personality or behaviour (depression, withdrawal from normal activities)
  • Apathy (lack of motivation to do usual activities)
  • Learning new information becomes difficult
  • Forget about the time, date, or season
  • Mood swings
  • Getting lost even in familiar places
  • A lack of interest in the usual activities
  • Changes in personality
  • Difficulty with coordination

Testing

Tests cannot confirm Alzheimer’s disease. During your visit, your doctor will take a physical exam and medical history.

Other medical tests include:

Treating Alzehmers at Neurology One

To treat the symptoms, specialists at Neurology One aim to prescribe medicines that can control the symptoms as well as slow the progression of the disease.

Lifestyle Management

There are several ways to manage the disease, including:

Psychiatric Manifestations 

Alzheimer’s patients may have psychiatric symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and hallucinations.

A Rapid Alzheimer's Treatment Approved by FDA in 2023

The FDA has approved Leqembi for treating Alzheimer’s disease.Its brand name is Leqembi. This medicine  works by targeting the main  pathophysiology of the disease. Developing this medicine represents an important step forward in the fight against Alzheimer’s. Patients are given Leqembi every two weeks as an infusion of monoclonal antibodies. In addition to treating early Alzheimer’s disease, it is also used to treat mild cognitive impairment in individuals.

What if my loved one got Alzheimer's Disease?

Each person with Alzheimer’s disease is affected differently. The effects of Alzheimer’s on your loved one are hard to predict. One of the best ways to be treated for Alzheimer’s disease is to consult with healthcare professionals. As Alzheimer’s progresses, your loved one may need to be treated by a team of providers who can accommodate their needs.

Memory Care at Neurology One

Depending on the severity of Alzheimer’s, Neurology One is an appropriate care choice. Neurology One’s specially designed memory care environment provides individualized care based on interests and preferences. It is the right of patients to participate in decisions regarding their lives. We offer patients choices based on “doing with” rather than “doing for.” Furthermore, our best Neurologists at Orlando personally know their patients and their specific health conditions and can refer them to other specialists if needed.

Providing a caring and safe environment

Alzheimer’s treatment involves adapting a person’s living situation. It is possible to make life much easier for people with Alzheimer’s by establishing routine habits and limiting tasks that require memory.

To support someone’s well-being and their ability to function, follow these steps:

Supporting and coping

Alzheimer’s patients experience a wide range of emotions — fear, anxiety, frustration, anger, grief, and depression.

If someone you care for has Alzheimer’s, make sure you listen to the person, letting them know that life is still worth living, offering support, and helping them maintain dignity.

An environment that is calm and stable at home can help prevent behavioral problems. Different factors can contribute to anxiety, including new settings, loud noises, large crowds, being rushed, and performing complex tasks. The ability of a patient to think clearly declines even more when an Alzheimer’s patient becomes upset.

Your First Appointment at Neurology One

Make sure you write down all the information you can before your appointment. Here are some possible pieces of information:

The best Neurologists in Orlando, including clinically trained neurologists and specialists offer expertise in Alzheimer’s disease treatment and management.